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Maths in Year 2

Maths in Year 2 2020/2021

End of Year Expectations for Maths in Year 2
Current half term objectives are bold
Objectives previously taught are italic

Please note that in line with the progress children make this list is subject to change and the objectives
are not necessarily taught in the order listed below.

The National Curriculum for mathematics aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • Become FLUENT in Maths, meaning they are able to calculate quickly and effectively using both mental and written methods,
  • Are able to REASON and EXPLAIN mathematically, meaning they can think logically about Maths, link different pieces of learning, and demonstrate their understanding of a concept through explanation,
  • Are able to SOLVE PROBLEMS, demonstrating that they can use their mathematical understanding to evaluate, understand and solve a variety of mathematical problems. For more information on our problem solving strategies, please refer to the Hutton Rudby Primary School Problem Solving Policy, which can be found at

Maths in Year 2
Number & Place Value
Count in steps of 2, 3, and 5 from 0, and in tens from any number, forward and backward.

Recognise the place value of each digit in a two-digit number (tens, ones).

Identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations, including the number line.

Compare and order numbers from 0 up to 100; use <, > and = signs.

Read and write numbers to at least 100 in numerals and in words.

Use place value and number facts to solve problems
Addition & Subtraction
Recall and use addition and subtraction facts to 20 fluently, and derive and use related facts up to 100.

Show that the addition of 2 numbers can be done in any order and subtraction from one number to another cannot.

Add and subtract number using concrete objects, pictorial  representations, and mentally, including : a 2 digit number and ones; a 2 digit number and tens;  two 2 digit numbers; adding three 1 digit numbers.

Recognise and use the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction and use this to check calculations and solve missing number problems.

Solve problems with addition and subtraction:
using concrete objects and pictorial representation, including those involving numbers, quantities and measures;
applying their increasing knowledge of mental and written methods.
Multiplication & Division
Recall and use multiplication and division facts for the 2, 5 and 10 times tables, including recognising odd and even numbers.

Calculate mathematical statements for multiplication and division within  multiplication  tables and write them using the multiplication, division and equals signs.

Solve problems involving multiplication and division, using materials, arrays, repeated addition, mental methods and multiplication and division facts, including problems in context.

Show that the multiplication of two numbers can be done in any order and division of one number by another cannot
Recognise, find, name and write fractions 1/3, 1/4, 2/4  and 3/4 of a length, shape, set of objects or quantity.

Write simple fractions for example, ½ of 6 = 3

Recognise the equivalence of 2/4 and 1/2.
Choose and use appropriate standard units to estimate and measure length/height in any direction (m/cm); mass (kg/g); temperature (°C); capacity (litres/ml) to the nearest appropriate unit, using rulers, scales, thermometers and measuring vessels .

Compare and order lengths, mass, volume/capacity and record the results using >, < and = .

Recognise and use symbols for pounds (£) and pence (p); combine amounts to make a particular value.

Find different combinations of coins that equal the same amounts of money.

Solve simple problems in a practical context involving addition and subtraction of money of the same unit, including giving change.

Compare and sequence intervals of time.

Tell and write the time to five minutes, including quarter past/to the hour.

Draw the hands on a clock face to show these times.

Know the number of minutes in an hour and the number of hours in a day.
Identify 2-D shapes on the surface of 3-D shapes, [for example, a circle on a cylinder and a triangle on a pyramid]

Compare and sort common 2-D and 3-D shapes and everyday objects

Identify and describe the properties of 2-D shapes, including the number of sides and line symmetry in a vertical line

Identify and describe the properties of 3-D shapes, including the number of edges, vertices and faces.

Order and arrange combinations of mathematical objects in patterns and sequences.

Use mathematical vocabulary to describe position, direction and movement, including movement in a straight line and distinguishing between rotation as a turn and in terms of right angles for quarter, half and three-quarter turns (clockwise and anticlockwise).
Interpret and construct simple pictograms, tally charts, block diagrams and simple tables.

Ask and answer simple questions by counting the number of objects in each category and sorting the categories by quantity.

Ask and answer questions about totalling and comparing categorical data.
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